Environmental analysis is the study of the surroundings using various techniques and scientific tools. The main purpose of this is primarily to monitor and assess levels of pollution in the air, water and other bodies of water. As a result of environmental testing, environmental protection laws are being enforced. This article will discuss some basic details about the procedure of environmental analysis.
The first step in an environmental analysis is to acquire a comprehensive assessment of the area or region concerned. This can be done by using information from the field like weather reports, local maps, historical data, etc. It may also be necessary for researchers to consult with government agencies that deal with environment issues. It may be even necessary for experts to contact various private institutions to acquire relevant information on the matter.
The next step in environmental analysis is to perform an objective study on the location. This includes mapping the area’s topography and surveying the surrounding area using high-precision instruments. Surveys are important in determining what contaminants might be present in a certain area, the concentration and the degree of toxicity. An accurate map can be developed on the basis of the survey.
The next step in the analysis is to determine the type of contaminants present in the area. There are basically two types of environmental analysis – one is laboratory-based and the other is ecological or field-based. Laboratory-based analysis is carried out by specialists who have specialized knowledge on the topic. These professionals use different techniques to collect and analyze samples from the area.
Field-based environmental analysis takes place when it involves observation and sampling done by amateurs. These samples can be collected from places like streams and lakes, from soil erosion and from areas where there have been human activities, such as industrial facilities and chemical plants. Analyzing the samples with laboratory techniques can be difficult as there are chances of contamination.
The third step in environmental analysis is to identify the type of pollutants present. The next step in the analysis is to determine how these pollutants affect the quality of water. This is followed by deciding whether the presence of these pollutants has adverse effect on the quality of the water or not. The analysis of such information will lead to the implementation of certain regulations for the protection of the quality of water.
The fourth step in the analysis is to determine the severity of the pollution and its effects on the quality of the environment through scientific methodologies. Based on this information, regulations and policies regarding the protection of the environment are implemented. This is the final step of the analysis and the final decision on the type of regulations to be implemented.
Environmental analysis is not the only thing that can be done in a particular region. For example, the analysis of the effect of pollutants in the soil would include testing of plants and animals living in the area. Testing results can be interpreted according to the scientific methods.